1. Ancient History:
1.a. Ayodhya was founded by Vaivasvata Manu (the progenitor and presiding figure of the current Manvantara, which is the 7th of the 14 that make up the current Kalpa, each Kalpa making up a day of Brahma) on the banks of the holy Sarayu. He saved life on earth from the great deluge with the blessings and help of Bhagwan Matsyavatar. Two of his children Ila and Ikshvaku became the progenitors of the Lunar Dynasty and Solar Dynasty respectively. The Saptarshis (seven sages) in the Ministry of Vaivasvata Manu are Kashyapa, Atri, Vashishtha, Vishvamitra, Gautama, Jamadagni and Bharadvaja.
1.b. Lord Sri Ram – an Incarnation of Bhagwan Vishnu – was born in the solar dynasty in Ayodhya in the Treta Yuga - the second of the four Yugas, or ages of mankind – to rescue the world from global evil, wickedness and sensuousness and to restore it to a happy, healthy and blessed state, for future generations.
2.a. 2100 years ago – A grand temple, on 84 black touchstone pillars, was constructed by Sakari Samrat Vikramaditya at Sri Rama Janma Bhumi (birthplace of Sri Rama), in Ayodhya and dedicated to Sri Ram to glorify and perpetuate his memory as a national and global hero and savior. Further temples were built at different times to replace old ones that had been affected by vagaries of nature including the Sarayu floods, new ones coming up to mark the site as Sri Ramjanma bhumi sthaan. According to experts, the pre-Babri temple had been in existence from the Gahadwal period.
2.b. 1528 –Mir Baqi, the Mughal invader Babur’s commander, demolished this temple.
2.c. The first battle by Sri Ram Bhaktas (devotees) to save the temple from the invading marauders lasted for 15 days. The invaders, unable to overrun the temple, used the canons to destroy it. 176,000 lionhearted Ram devotees sacrificed their lives attempting to save their most celebrated temple.
2.d. An Islamic structure was forcefully superimposed on the demolished temple site, re-using the material obtained from the wreckage of the temple. Babar’s built this structure to celebrate his victory, the subjugation of Hindusthan by the ‘might of Islam’. This structure did not have any minarets (essential for Azan – call for prayer) nor a water-pool for Wazu (ablution) which are mandatory requirements for a mosque. This shows that this building was not a holy mosque, but a monument to celebrate ‘the enslavement of Hindusthan by Islam’, much like the Qutab Minar in Delhi.
3. 1528 - 1949 – During this period, there were 76 battles/struggles to reclaim the Rama Janma Bhoomi site and to reconstruct the temple. Guru Govind Singhji Maharaj the (10th Sikh Guru), Maharani Raj Kunwar and many other great warriors fought to reclaim the holy place.
4.a. 1949 - At midnight on 22nd December , Sri Ram Lala (Infant Sri Ram) revealed Himself at the birthplace that was under the central dome of the structure. At that time Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru was the Prime Minister of Bharat, Pt. Govind Ballabh Pant was the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and Sri K.K. Nayyar from Kerala was the District Magistrate of Faizabad ( where Ayodhya is situated).
4.b. To maintain law & order, the City Magistrate attached the structure u/s 145 Crim. P.C., appointed Sri Priya Dutt Ram as a Receiver, entrusted the site to his care and ordered the gates to be locked, but allowed a priest to go inside the structure and perform regular worship and rituals twice a day. The devotees were allowed only up to the locked gate. The local people and Sadhus started chanting “Sri Ram Jai Ram Jai Jai Ram” (Victory to Sri Rama) and Akhand Naam Sankeertan in front of the locked gate.2 This sacred chanting was continued non-stop throughout day and night.
5. 1983 March - A veteran Congress leader of Western U.P. Sri Dau Dayal Khanna gave a rousing call to the Hindu society at Muzaffarnagar (U.P.) while addressing a Hindu Conference to reclaim the Ayodhya, Mathura and Kashi sites. Sri Gulzari Lal Nanda – two times interim Prime Minister of India after demise of PM Nehru and PM Shastri - was also present on the dais.
6. 1984 April - The First Dharma Sansad (National Parliament of Sants and Dharmacharyas of various branches of the Dharmic Tradition organized by VHP at Vigyan Bhavan, New Delhi) resolved to reclaim Ayodhya and, in order to create public awareness on this issue, to start a Jan Jagaran Yatra (march across the length and breadth of the country to create a mass movement to demand that the gate of the Janma Bhumi sthaan (birthplace of Shree Rama) be unlocked.
7. 1984, October - VHP started Ram-Janaki Rath Yatra from Sitamarhi to Ayodhya onwards to Lucknow, ending in Delhi, again to create public awareness. However, the Yatra had to be withdrawn for a year due to unfortunate developments in the country.
8. 1985, October - Rath Yatras were restarted for the above-mentioned objective.
9. 1986 – On February 1, responding to the massive support given by the public to these RathYatras, the District Judge of Faizabad ordered the locks be opened. At this time, Sri Veer Bahadur Singh of Congress was the Chief Minister of U.P. and Late Sri Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister at that time.
10. A sketch for the proposed temple was drawn, and a wooden model of it was prepared by Sri Chandrakantbhai Sompura – an eminent temple architect of Gujarat – whose grandfather Padmashri P.O. Sompura was the architect for the rebuilding of the Somnath Temple. The Sompura family has modeled many other Nagari-style temples.
11. 1989, January – A Dharma Sansadh was held on the holy occasion of Kumbh Mela at Prayagraj (Allahabad), on the banks of the sacred Triveni Sangam, organized by the VHP. In the august presence of Pujya Deoraha Baba, it was decided to hold the Ramshila (consecrated brick) Poojan programme at every temple of the country. The first brick was consecrated at Sri Badrinath Dham.
12. 1989 – By the end of October, about 275,000 such consecrated bricks (Ram Shilas) from Bharat and abroad had reached Ayodhya. An estimated 60 million people participated in this programme.
13. 1989 - On 9th November, the foundation stone was laid by Sri Kameswar Chowpal of Bihar (belonging to Scheduled Caste community) with due permission of the then State Government. Sri Narayan Dutt Tiwari was the Chief Minister of U.P. and Late Sri Rajiv Gandhi was the Prime Minister.
14.a. 1990 - On 24th June a declaration was made by Sadhus to start Kar Seva (voluntary service) for the construction of the temple from Devotthani Ekadashi (30th Oct., 1990).
14.b.. A Jyoti (light/fire) was ignited by arani manthan (creating fire through the process of friction of wood blocks) at Ayodhya. It was called “Ram Jyoti”. The Jyoti reached every Hindu home across the country and all celebrated Deepawai Festival with this Jyoti.
15. 1990 - On 30th October, thousands of Ram devotees entered Ayodhya crossing numerous hurdles put up by the then U.P. Government headed by Sri Mulayam Singh and a saffron flag was hoisted atop the disputed structure.
16. 1990 – On 2nd November, the U.P. Chief Minister, Mulayam Singh Yadav ordered the police to open fire on Kar Sewaks, resulting in the death of many devotees including the Kothari Brothers – Sri Ram Kothari & Sri Sharad Kothari from Kolkata.
17. 1991 – On 4th April, Delhi witnessed the grandest ever rally at Boat Club. Mulayam Singh resigned as Chief Minister of U.P.
18. 1992, September - Sri Ram Paduka Pujan was organized in all villages in India and another call was given to Bhaktas (devotees) to reach Ayodhya on Gita Jayanti (6th December, 1992). Tens of thousands reached for Kar Seva and the world knows the fate of the Babri structure.
19. A stone slab approx. 5 ft in length and 2.25 ft in width was found from the demolished walls of the Babri structure. The epigraphists deciphered it to be an inscription of 20 lines written in Sanskrit of 12th Century CE. The first line starts with “Om Namah Shivaya”. The 15th, 17th and the 19th lines speak about the details of the grand temple and the king who built it. The 15th line clearly mentions that the temple was dedicated to “Vishnu Hari who killed Dasanan (Ravan)”. About 250 Hindu artifacts were also found from the rubble, presently held under the protection of the Court. [To see the ASI Report, refer to the attached PDF file.]
20. 1993 - Makeshift temple with Tarpaulins was erected by Kar Sewaks on the same spot where Sri Ram Lala had been seated before demolition of the Babri building. Approximately 67 acres of land was acquired by the Central Government ordinance (Sri P.V. Narasimha Rao was the PM at that time), in order to safeguard Sri Ram Lala. This ordinance was then approved by the Parliament through an Act on January 07, 1993.
21. 1993 - A lawyer Hari Shankar Jain approached the Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court requesting that devotees be permitted to do regular Sewa-Pooja of Sri Ram Lala. Permission was granted on the 1st January 1993. Ever since then, devotees have been obtaining a non-stop Darshan as well as offering pooja.
22.a. The then President of India Dr Shankar Dayal Sharma referred a question to the Supreme Court under Article 143-A of the Constitution of India. The question was “Whether a Hindu Temple or any Hindu religious structure existed prior to the construction of the Ram Janma Bhumi-Babri Masjid in the area on which the structure stood?”
22.b. Some people, including one Sri Ismail Farooqui, challenged the acquisition of the land by the Central Government, mentioned in (23) above.
23.a. 1994 - The Supreme Court heard all the above petitions and also the special presidential reference jointly for about 20 months. In its judgment on 24th October, 1994, it said: The Lucknow Bench of Allahabad High Court would decide the title of the disputed site and answer the special reference made by the President.
23.b. 1995 - A three-Judge Full Bench (two Hindu judges and one Muslim judge) started hearing the matters in 1995. Issues were reframed. Oral evidences began to be recorded.
23.c.. To find out the direct answer to the presidential special reference, in August 2002, the said Bench ordered Ground Penetrating Radar Survey (GPRS) of the site which was conducted by the Tojo Vikas International with its expert from Canada. The expert mentioned in his report the existence of a huge structure extending over a large area underneath the demolished structure scientifically proving thereby that the Babri structure was not built on virgin land as had been claimed by a group of Muslims in their civil suit filed in December 1961 before the Civil Judge of Faizabad. The expert also gave his opinion to verify the GPRS report through scientific excavation.
24. 2003 - The High Court ordered the Archaeological Survey of India to excavate the site scientifically and verify the GPRS report. The excavation was conducted in the presence of two observers appointed by the Court (two Additional District Judges of Faizabad). The parties concerned, their counsels, their experts/representatives were permitted to remain present during excavation. To maintain impartiality, it was ordered that 40% of the labour would be Muslims. Minute to minute videography and still photography of excavation were done by the ASI. The excavation was an eye-opener. Several walls and floors, and two rows of pillar-bases at 50 equidistant places were found. A Shiva temple was also seen. The GPRS report and the ASI report are now an integral part of the High Court records.
25.a. The civil procedure of the Court of Law in the matter is now over after an exercise of about 60 years (40 years in the District Court and 20 years in the High Court) and the final verdict is expected by the end of September, 2010. Despite the fact that all evidence supports the Hindu claim that the Babri structure was superimposed on the Sri Rama Janma Bhumi site after the temple on the site had been demolished, nobody can predict the judgment. It is obvious that the judgment will create unrest in one party and its followers. This party may challenge the High Court verdict in the Supreme Court. The Supreme Court, however, may or may not take notice of it. In any case, every Indian citizen knows the fate of the Supreme Court judgment in Shah Bano case. The ball, thus, may finally end up in the Parliament of India. Hindus have always maintained that the Indian Parliament should pass a law and handover the Sri Rama Janma Bhumi to the Hindu society.
25.b. In the Constitution of India, there are illustrations depicting the Bharatiya national culture. The third illustration in the said volume is that of Lord Ram and comrades returning to Ayodhya riding the aerial vehicle Pushpak Viman after his victory in Lanka.
26.a. The two storey proposed temple with 108 pillars in each storey will be 270 ft. long, 135 ft. wide and 125 ft. high and the temple ringed by a 10 ft. wide Parikrama Marg (circumambulation path). Wall thickness will be 6 ft and door frames will be made of white Makrana marble. Carving work has been done at 5 workshops [two at Ayodhya (U.P.), one at Makrana (Raj.) and three at Pindwara (Rajasthan)]. 60% of carving work is complete to date.
26.b. Sants and Dharmacharyas in their meeting held on 5th April 2010 at Haridwar Kumbh Mela resolved that Hanuman Chalisa Paath be arranged all over the country under the banner of “Sri Hanumat Shakti Jagaran Samiti”, commencing on Tulsi Jayanti (16th August, 2010) until Akshyay Navami (16th November, 2010) and that Sri Hanumat Shakti Jagaran Maha Yajna be performed in every Prakhand during the month from Devotthani Ekadasi (17th Nov., 2010) to Gita Jayanti (16th Dec., 2010). These Yagnas will be organized at approx. 8,000 centres throughout Bharat.
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For further queries, you may contact the following:-
Champat Rai, Joint General Secretary, VISHVA HINDU PARISHAD, (looking after Ayodhya Court matter. Sankat Mochan Ashram, Sector-VI, Ramakrishna Puram, New Delhi-110 022, Bharat (India).
TeleFax: 00-91-11-2610 3495, 2617 8992; Fax: 00-91-11-2619 5527;
URL: vhp.org ; http://shreeramjanmabhoomi.org