Friday, November 11, 2011

Cow slaughter ban, a good step by Karnataka Govt. - Shri. Anwar Manippady

I feel it’s a privilege as a citizen of this great country India and as a true son of Bharath Mata to write about the duties of a citizen belonging to this great nation.

It’s very important and necessary for every Indian to be cordial amiable  and understanding of our fellow brethren in the country.

One should understand the feelings, problems, belief and faith of the fellow citizens of the this country. Every citizen should accommodate the fellow citizen in every way possible to help the society, the state and the country to attain peace, develop and growth to our potential. In this pretext I would like to delve into the recent cow slaughter ban promulgation.

An overwhelming majority of 85% of our country worships the cow and her progeny and considers cow as ‘Gomatha’. This faith, belief, sentiment & culture requires the ban of cow slaughter which in turn will please these majority to the hilt and will help to develop an amiable & cordial relationship between the majority and the minority. Moreover our countries economy is agriculture dependent with 72% of our brethren being farmers and the cow slaughter will not only please them, but will help in their farming profession too, thus helping to bring about peace, harmony & brotherhood in the nation.

Lets not forget that the cow slaughter ban was very much in existence in the past. When we go back to the history, we get to know that the Moghul Emperor Babar saw the wisdom of prohibiting the slaughter of cows as and by way of religious sacrifice and directed his son Humayun to follow this example. Similarly Emperors, Akbar, & Jahangir and Ahammed Sha, it is said, prohibited cow slaughter. Nawab Hyder Ali of Mysore made cow slaughter an offence punishable by cutting the hands of the offenders. 3 members of the Gosamwardhan Enquiry Committee set up by the UP govt. in 1953 were Muslims and they concurred in the anonymous recommendation of total ban on slaughter of cows and her progeny.

Our country may be economically poor when compared to some of the rich nations.  But, from the point of view of cultural values, we are the richest nation. One of the greatest value of our culture is the sense of gratitude. Our culture has another value to the effect that “there is no God greater than Mother”. Among the Muslims too it is said “Ma ki Paun ki Neechay Janath hai” means there lies a heaven beneath feet of the mother.

It is the mother who breast feeds the infants and later whether the mother is able to breast feed or not, the cow and her progeny sustains the children and the adults with her milk which is the part of the constituent of scientifically balanced diet of mankind. It’s in view of this the status of motherhood is given to the cow. It’s incorporated in the following verse

“Bhuktava Thrunani Shuskani
Peetva thoyam Jala shayath
Dugdum Dadati Lokebhyaha
Gava Vishwasya Mataraha”.

Cow eats dry grass drinks water from the tanks or other water sources and gives milk to the humanity. Therefore the cow is the mother of the world.

From the cow and her progenies milk, curd, butter and ghee the richest food is prepared.
The cow dung and it’s urine is extremely useful to the mankind and it is considered as sacred and holy. It’s a matter of distinction that cow dung and its urine is considered as holy, while other animals and mankind however great they are is discarded (Thajya).

Kauthilyas Artha Shastra 2300 years ago which constituted the constitutional laws of ancient India states thus “Vatso Vrusho Dhanuschaivamavadhyam means Slaughter of cow, calves and bullocks are prohibited.
As a result of all these the founding father of our great nation headed by Shri Ambedkarji included article 48 in our constitution as directive principle of the state policy in the Part 4 of the constitution which prohibits the slaughter of cows and calves and other milch and draught cattle.

The great Muslim leaders who were the members of the constituent assembly then agreed to include the article 48 in the constitution. In spite of this thousands of cows and her progeny is being slaughtered mercilessly and our highest values of distinction has become the victim of dirty electoral politics.

Infact its appropriate to shift the article 48 from part IV of the constitution to part III of the constitution like article 17, to abolish the untouchability. (Please refer Shree Ramajois, former Chief Justice of Punjab and Haryana and farmer Governors article “Inclusion of beef in the menu for players of common wealth games are affront on our culture & constitution.”

The Usefulness to mankind and to the Economy of the Country

Cow & her progeny sustains the health of the nation by giving the life giving milk an essential ingredient of   a scientifically balanced diet.

The bullocks are indispensable for our agricultural based economy for it gives more power than any other animal.

Bullocks plough the fields: it’s used to draw water from the wells, drawing carts to take agricultural produce from the fields to farmer’s house & to agricultural market.

Dung & urine is cheaper than artificial manures. The artificial manures kills the soil while organic manure
of Dung & Urine enriches the soil. The urine of the cow & her progeny is a wonderful pesticides & it enhances the yield. The dung smeared on the grounds & the walls of the warehouses protects food grains and other products from insects & termites.  The dung and urine is extremely useful for the production of biogas. Two  handful of dung is sufficient to produce biogas to light up a household as well as to cook for the family for a day.

Organic farming (Saveyuva) pays more to the farmers. The yields are more nourishing & safe to imbibe. It also costs more to buy organic farm products helping the farmers & it sells faster in the market for these yields have a heavy demand.

Infact it’s a established fact that cow & her progeny is the back bone of the Indian Agriculture economic system.

J.C. Kumarappa the great economist and advisor to Mahatma Gandhiji  and the first Indian union cabinet said that “India should adopt the cow economy & not the coal economy.” Cow and her progeny in their every stage of life produce 3500 kgs of dung, 2000 liters of urine, 500 cubic feet of biogas, 80 metric tons of organic fertilizers. The value of the above contribution is placed at Rs. 23,000 per year. In according to the report of the national commission of cattle. A bullock which is beyond 16 years of age can produce 3 tons of dung 343 pounds of urine in a year manufacturing 20 cartloads of compost manure sufficient for manuring 4 acres of land for crop production. Cow & her progeny even after age of 16 years can produce 5000 – 6000 dung cakes. The dung cake as well as the meat of these animals are both commercial commodities. If one bullock is slaughtered for its meat, it can sustain a butchers trade for only a day and for the next  day another bullock has to be slaughtered but if a bullock survives for 5 more years after the age of 16 years, it can provide employment for 1 person throughout. The commission also put out the facts that urine & dung is used in the preparation of vermi–compost and pest repellents. In some cases the urine & dung is used in the preparation of medical formulations too. If you put together the income of all these it is Rs. 33 per day, while the expenditure involved to take care of a cow or a bullock is only Rs. 20 maximum per day.

Even otherwise can one butcher somebody who has served you for 16 years & still serving. Don’t we have our sense of gratitude?

Legal Aspects

When U.P., M.P. and Bihar promulgated the cow slaughter ban in 1950’s the following case will enlighten us of justice. Mohammed Hanif Qureshi and others V/s state of Bihar and others in 1959 SCR 629, the court upheld the legislation which said that no one produced the evidence, affidavit or Quran or any of its verses requiring the sacrifice of the cow and her progeny. It was also noticed from the judgment majority of the Muslims do not sacrifice cow and her progeny on Bakrid.

State of Bengal and others V/s Ashitosh Lahari in 1995, the judgment said that the court has noticed that sacrifices of any animals by the Muslims for the religious purposes on Bakrid does not include slaughtering of cow as the only way of carrying out the sacrifice. Its neither essential nor necessarily required as the part of ceremony.

On the contrary it’s the Hindus on specified days like Deepavali, Makra Sankranti and Gopastami,  worship cow & her progeny – Bull, Bullocks and calves. Infact good numbers of temples in India, it is found bull and Nandi are regularly worshipped.

Supreme court of India in its historic judgment by 7 judges bench. Appeals numbers 4937- – 4940 1998 state of Gujarat


Mirzapur Moti Kureshi Kasab Jammat and others
It has upheld

- Constitutional validity of banning of slaughter of all aged cattle.
- Usefulness of aged cattle.
- Need for organic manure.
- Power of the state to bring legislature banning the aged cattle slaughter.

It also upheld that the fundamental right of butchers  not being violated by banning of slaughter of aged cattle.

Issues before the nation and the people

1.    It is argued by same that right of the people to consume whatever they want and carry out any profession they liked is curtailed.

2.    The meat is also eaten by a part of Hindus.

As far as the Muslims are concerned I have already mentioned that the Muslim leaders  who were the members of constituent assembly, after taking the consensus of the community agreed to include article 48 in the constitution. Reasoning out beautifully they said that they would like to respect the sentiment of the overwhelming majority of 85% of their fellow brotheren in the country.

I would like to put forth the following reasoning to my Muslim brotheren - In a Muslim colony if a pork shop (pig) is put up, we would definately protest as the pig is the most hated and banned animal. Anything of the pig whether blood, excreta, or even the smell would spoil the sanctity of the colony and accordingly the society and government  never allows such shop in the colony to function. On the other hand cow and her progeny is revered and worshipped by 85% of people in India. We Muslims as good citizens should respect the sentiments, faith, belief and culture of the majority and should support cow slaughter ban which will bring about great brotherhood.

Secondly Hindus eating cattle meat, I would put it at 3% of 85% and the reason for that could be either they were forced to eat or induced to eat with ulterior motive of segregating them from Hindus or for the converting of such Hindus and finally to divide and rule, a policy adopted by the British.

State owned priorities           

Opium, hashish and so on were freely grown and consumed in the yester years – there were no bans on them. Later when the majority of the people in the society realized the harmfulness of these drugs, they wanted the government to ban the same and accordingly the government banned these drugs inspite of some wanting it, not to be banned. Even today a small percentage of people do not want it to be banned. Probably the same percentage of people want, not to ban cow slaughter.  But it is the duty of the state to promulgate the ban on such priority issues in accordance with majority views.

Why should anyone oppose or what moral right anyone has to oppose it?

It’s a vote banking dirty electoral politics played by some political parties and the pseudo secularists wanting to use this issue as their launching pad to gain popularity opposing the ban.

Haven’t these politician representing the people of our nation time and again taken the oath to abide by the constitution? And isn’t article 48 a part of the constitution? Aren’t these people committing treachery against the country and the people?

Why the necessity of reintroduction of this law while it is already existing

Firstly the existing law is very vague and cannot be strictly implemented. It is not possible for anyone to make out which meat belong to which animal, when its butchered and cut.

If somebody is caught red handed, the punishment for such an offence is only 6 months of simple prison or a maximum fine of 500 to 1,000 Rupees.

The material and vehicle carrying the contraband cannot be confiscated in spite of it being illegal and a crime.

The culprits time & again get away with a bail all the time.

More over these kind of incidences cause communal riots & disharmony in the society.
To tie all these loose ends and plug the loopholes a proper legislation is very much required.
While ending this article I would like to quote our Father of the nation the great Mahatma Gandhiji.
“Hindus will not be judged by their tilaks, not by the correct Chanting of the Mantras, not  their pilgrimages, not by their observance of caste rules, but their ability to protect the cow. I will not kill a man to protect a cow nor kill a cow to save a human being, be it ever so precious. It is not possible to save those animals that are a burden to the land or perhaps, even a man, if he is a burden. Cow slaughter & man slaughter are in my opinion the two sides of the same coin. ”

Vande Mataram. 
Anwar Manippady
Former Chairman, Karnataka Minority Development Corporation
Member of Task Force of Wakf Board Karnataka
Founder president of society welfare movement Karnataka

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